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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 219337 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of a Single-Lesson Tobacco Prevention Curriculum on Knowledge, Skill Identification and Smoking Intention
Journal: Journal of Drug Education  Volume:37  Issue:1  Dated:2007  Pages:55-69
Author(s): Stephen Brown Ph.D.; David Birch Ph.D.; Sujan Thyagaraj; James Teufel; Cheryl Phillips
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 15
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study evaluated the effect of a single-lesson tobacco-prevention curriculum on students' knowledge of tobacco, ability to identify refusal techniques, and intent not to smoke.
Abstract: The study found that the single lesson improved general knowledge about tobacco and students' ability to identify appropriate refusal techniques; however, improvement in the intent not to smoke was not significant. This finding is explained by both treatment and control groups' high scores on intent to smoke just prior to the presentation of the lesson. According to the theory of Planned Behavior, three factors interact to influence behavioral intent: increasing knowledge, teaching about and practicing behavioral control skills, and changing normative beliefs that influence behavior. Normative beliefs about peer approval of smoking, peer smoking behavior, peer relationships, and assumptions about smoking prevalence in general were consistently related to the likelihood of smoking during adolescence. The lesson made no attempt to measure or change normative beliefs that underlie smoking. This evaluation obtained data from 789 fourth and fifth graders from the Plymouth-Canton, Michigan area. Students were instructed that it is illegal to buy cigarettes and that secondhand smoke is a health threat. They learned the name of the chemical that causes smoking addiction, to identify the three major components of tobacco smoke, to identify the diseases caused by long-term smoking, and to identify recommended actions to refuse smoking. They had the opportunity at the end of the lesson to express the intent not to smoke. In order to test the effectiveness of the program, participants were assessed just before the program and immediately after the program, and 6 weeks later. The 704 participants in the lesson were compared with a preselected comparison group (n=85) that was also given a pretest and a 6-week posttest. 3 tables, 3 figures, and 30 references
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Antisocial attitudes; Attitude change; Juvenile drug use; Tobacco use
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