skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 219345 Find in a Library
Title: Can First and Second Grade Students Benefit From an Alcohol Use Prevention Program?
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:16  Issue:3  Dated:2007  Pages:89-107
Author(s): Mary Lou Bell; Alison Padget; Tara Kelley-Baker; Raamses Rider
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
MADD Mothers Against Drunk Driving
Irving, TX 75062
Grant Number: 2003-DD-BX-1083
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study evaluated the effects on first and second graders of the Protecting You/Protecting Me (PY/PM) program, a classroom-based, alcohol-use prevention and vehicle safety program for elementary students from first through the fifth grades.
Abstract: The study found that compared to students from matched classes that did not participate in PY/PM, PY/PM students increased their knowledge of vehicle safety, media awareness, healthy growth and development, and the dangers of alcohol for youth. The study shows that even young children can benefit from an alcohol-use prevention program that is appropriately designed, implemented, and evaluated. Beginning in the first grade, PY/PM builds upon the previous year's lessons through the fifth grade. The lessons in each grade include the same basic topics, but become progressively more advanced. PY/PM was developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), with the ultimate goal of preventing the injury and death of children and youth due to the underage consumption of alcoholic beverages and riding in vehicles with impaired drivers. The lessons address brain development, the importance of protecting the brain, decisionmaking skills, and media literacy. Media awareness lessons teach children to distinguish the effects of alcohol portrayed in the media from the actual effects and dangers of alcohol use by youth. The vehicle safety lessons teach children how to protect themselves if they are ever in a car with an impaired driver. For the purposes of the evaluation, the researchers designed an instrument that addressed the children's developmental level. Survey items contained only one concept each, used familiar words, and were concise. The questions were read out loud twice by the survey administrator in order to compensate for varying levels of reading comprehension among the students. Students circled responses. 2 tables, 1 figure, and 53 references
Main Term(s): Underage Drinking Programs
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse prevention; BJA Grant-related Documents; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.