skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 219359 Find in a Library
Title: Heterogeneity Among Adolescent Non-Daily Smokers: Implications for Research and Practice
Journal: Substance Use & Misuse  Volume:42  Issue:5  Dated:2007  Pages:837-851
Author(s): Scott T. Leatherdale; Rashid Ahmed; Chris Lovato; Steve Manske; Mari A. Jolin
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Canadian Cancer Society/National Cancer Institute
Toronto, Ontario M4V 3B1, Canada
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study identified the behavior and characteristics of nondaily smokers and how they differed from daily smokers among 4,473 smokers from 29 secondary schools (grades 9-13) in 2000-2001 in Ontario, Canada.
Abstract: Based on the smoking patterns identified, the smokers were placed in two classifications entitled "situational" smokers (n=4,349) and "ubiquitous" smokers (n=124). Situational smokers included students who may have smoked frequently but tended to be lighter smokers. The majority of situational smokers never smoked on school property and never smoked with their parents. They did not report that they smoked because they were addicted, bored, pressured into it, or liked the image of smoking. Neither did they report that their friends and siblings smoked or that their parents offered them cigarettes. Of the situational smokers, 63.1 percent were classified as daily smokers. Ubiquitous smokers included students who smoked frequently and tended to be heavier smokers. The majority were boys, had five or more close friends who smoked, and believed that more than 70 percent of the students at their school smoked. Most ubiquitous smokers reported that they often smoked at home and in the evening, at school and throughout the school day, by themselves, and with parents or other family members. The majority of ubiquitous smokers reported that they smoked because they were addicted or bored, their friends smoked, it was enjoyable, or their parents offered them cigarettes. Ubiquitous smokers were most clearly defined by whether they smoked with parents. Understanding factors that differentiate these two types of smokers can help program planners determine what programs are appropriate for whom and how best to reach the different groups of smokers. Cluster analysis was used to classify smokers based on their survey responses. 4 tables, 1 figure, and 18 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Canada; Drug offender profiles; Drug prevention programs; Foreign criminal justice research; Tobacco use
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.