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NCJ Number: 219365 
Title: International Standards for Victims: What Norms? What Achievements? What Next? (From International Key Issues in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Papers in Celebration of 25 years of HEUNI, P 144-157, 2006, Kauko Aromaa and Terhi Viljanen, eds. -- See NCJ-219360)
Author(s): Irvin Waller
Corporate Author: United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press

United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Helsinki 00531, Finland
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: Finland
Annotation: This paper reviews the norms for international standards that address the needs of crime victims, assesses achievements toward reaching those norms, and suggests next steps.
Abstract: Norms for addressing crime victims' needs pertain to legislation that focuses on defining and ensuring victim rights, promoting programs that assist crime victims, and establishing policies that prevent and reduce victimization. In 1985, the governments of all the nations of the world adopted the resolution of the United Nations General Assembly, which called upon member countries to take the steps necessary to implement the provisions of the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power. This Declaration defines victims of crime and abuse of power, and specifies that principles of justice require that victims have access to justice and information pertinent to their case, receive reparation and compensation from the state, and receive services that address the harms caused and needs created by their victimization. Significant progress has been made in these areas by affluent governments. This paper cites some examples of this progress. Next steps must include advancement in research, services, and awareness related to crime victims. Action must occur in the arenas of legislation, training and guidelines for key professionals, an expansion of victim-oriented projects, national policies designed to prevent and reduce victimization, and actions that target female and child crime victims. In an effort to promote these efforts, the World Society of Victimology is promoting research in victimology and victim needs, training for victim service providers and victimologists, and leadership in advancing victim advocacy and victim rights. 21 references
Main Term(s): Victim services
Index Term(s): International agreements; Standards implementation; United Nations standards; Victim compensation; Victim services training; Victims rights
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