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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 219415 Find in a Library
Title: Future of Technology-Enabled Crime in Australia
Author(s): Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo; Russell G. Smith; Rob McCusker
Date Published: January 2007
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Publication Number: ISBN 978-1-921185-48-9
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This paper identifies emerging crimes in Australia that are using the contemporary tools of information and communication technologies (ICT), and it discusses the issues involved in countering such crimes.
Abstract: The increasing dependence of modern societies' service and economic infrastructures on ICT makes them attractive targets for terrorists intent upon doing significant harm to the security and quality of life of countries they have targeted as enemies. ICT also provides opportunities for criminals to hide incriminating data under password-protected, file-sharing Web sites; e-mail accounts; and less reputable content providers hosted in countries with lax countermeasures. As ICT is used as a medium for financial transactions and the storage and transmitting of important data, sophisticated criminal hackers will attempt various means of access to the data in order to perpetrate financial crimes, identity theft, and espionage. The use of prepaid cards and smart cards as electronic payment technologies are examples of possible threats in the next 2 years in Australia. Other criminal threats that benefit from ICT are abuses of online gaming and gambling, money laundering, and the sexual exploitation of children through seductions and offensive content in Internet "chat rooms." The next wave of security threats involving ICT will be targeted attacks against specific organizations or individuals. A particular household's computer may be targeted as a vector to support intrusions into more valuable targets. Prevention at both consumer and business levels will remain important. Countermeasures must include appropriate legislative reforms that target new offenses, the development of security software and hardware in advance of foreseen criminal strategies, and the use of specially trained task forces to address specific ICT-related crimes. 14 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Computer privacy and security; Computer related crime; Crime in foreign countries; Crime specific countermeasures; Information Systems and Technology; Science and Technology
Note: AIC Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, No. 341, July 2007
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