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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 219506 Find in a Library
Title: Descriptive Comparison of Criminality, Substance Use, and Mental Health Among Two Samples of Female Offenders
Journal: Women & Criminal Justice  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:2005  Pages:55-74
Author(s): Michele Staton Tindall; Carrie Oser; Jamieson Duvall; Carl Leukefeld; J. Matthew Webster
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01DA11309;R01DA11580
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To better assess service and treatment utilization, this study describes the self-reported criminal history, substance use, and mental health among female probationers and female drug court participants.
Abstract: The hypothesis that both female probationers and female drug court participants would report differences in their criminal history, substance use, and mental health was partially supported. Female probationers did not report more involved criminal histories. In fact, female drug court participants actually reported more lifetime months incarcerated for convictions than did female probationers. While drug court participants reported more days of recent drug use, a higher percentage of female probationers reported lifetime use of five substances. Also, a higher percentage of female probationers reported lifetime and recent measures of mental health. Few differences were found between these two groups on measures of lifetime criminality. Specifically, these two groups of female offenders did not differ significantly on the age of first incarceration or the number of lifetime incarcerations. Female drug court participants reported more lifetime months incarcerated suggesting they might be more criminally involved than the sample of female probationers. With the growing number of women involved in the criminal justice system, there is a need to examine female offenders in order to understand potential differences which might have important implications for treatment assessment and planning. The study consisted of 173 female drug court participants and 160 female probationers. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Female offenders
Index Term(s): Criminal histories; Drug abuse; Drug offenders; Female inmates; Gender issues; Mentally ill offenders; Special needs offenders
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