skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 219568 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Lessons Learned From the Women, Co-Occurring Disorders, and Violence Study: Exploring How to Best Serve Women Survivors of Violence and Trauma Who Have Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders
Corporate Author: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin (SAMHSA)
US Dept of Health and Human Services
United States of Americ
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin (SAMHSA)
Rockville, MD 20857
Sale Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin (SAMHSA)
US Dept of Health and Human Services
1 Choke Cherry Road
Rockville, MD 20857
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper provides a brief overview of 1998 Women, Co-Occurring Disorders, and Violence Study (WCDVS), exploring ways to best serve women with trauma experiences and the lessons learned from the study.
Abstract: Key findings from the Women, Co-Occurring Disorders, and Violence Study (WCDVS) conducted in 1998 to address the lack of appropriate services for women with trauma histories include: (1) gender-specific services are critical in creating a healing environment; (2) the contributions of women who have experienced trauma in their lives can be an essential component of crafting effective services; (3) group environments are key to restoring trust and promoting healing; and (4) the most effective programs integrate trauma, mental health, and substance abuse services, rather than treating them separately. Millions of women suffer from co-occurring mental health and substance abuse disorders. Among them, a great many are also trauma survivors who have experienced violence and abuse. The WCDVS was a nationwide study of outcomes and costs associated with developing and implementing a comprehensive trauma-informed treatment program. The goal was to produce information and knowledge about an integrated services approach for women with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders, who have histories of physical and/or sexual abuse. The study was a two phase study, totally 14 sites, conducted over 5 years, from 1998 to 2003. The study framework required all service interventions to be gender specific, culturally competent, trauma-informed and trauma specific, comprehensive, integrated, and involving consumer/survivor/recovering (C/S/R) women. Of the original 2,729 women enrolled in the study, 2,006 were interviewed to determine if their mental health, substance abuse and trauma symptoms had improved. Examples of intervention models, study sites and study implications are presented.
Main Term(s): Victim services
Index Term(s): Female victims; Females; Team treatment; Treatment; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment/Therapeutic Community; Victim program evaluation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.