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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 219578 Find in a Library
Title: Politics, Culture, and Political Crime: Covariates of Abortion Clinic Attacks in the United States
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:35  Issue:3  Dated:May/June 2007  Pages:323-336
Author(s): Joshua D. Freilich; William Alex Pridemore
Date Published: May 2007
Page Count: 14
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined crime and violence against abortion clinics in order to test elements of several theories that might help explain the variation in such attacks.
Abstract: None of the independent variables--female empowerment, traditional fundamentalist religious culture, hospitable religious climate, legislative failure of the antiabortion movement in the State, practical failure of the antiabortion movement, prior right-wing mobilization, and social control and social disorganization--were significantly associated with the cross-sectional variation of overall crime or overall violence against abortion providers. One interpretation of this finding is that rare seriously violent antiabortion crimes are committed by a few individuals who travel from place to place, so these events are less likely to be linked to local characteristics where the targeted clinics are located. States with higher gender economic equity had fewer vandalism incidents against clinics; States with higher abortion rates had more vandalism against clinics; and States with higher levels of violence against women had higher levels of vandalism against abortion clinics. Suggestions are offered for future research. Data on crimes against abortion clinics were obtained from the Feminist Majority Foundation's 2000 National Clinic Violence Survey Report. This survey is the Nation's most comprehensive study of antiabortion violence, harassment, and intimidation directed at abortion clinics, patients, and health care workers. The article explains the measures and associated data sources for each of the aforementioned independent variables. 3 tables, 4 notes, and 83 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Abortion; Cultural influences; Political crimes; Political influences; Politically motivated violent crimes; Religion; Religiously motivated violence; Vandalism; Vandalism causes; Violence; Violence causes; Violent crimes
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