skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 219653 Find in a Library
Title: Crimes of Hate: Selected Readings
Editor(s): Phyllis B. Gerstenfeld; Diana R. Grant
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 400
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Publication Number: ISBN 0-7619-2943-6
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This compilation of selected readings offers a comprehensive, up-to-date and multidisciplinary examination of hate crimes essential to understanding policy implications and the growing societal debate in the emerging hate crime paradigm.
Abstract: Part 1 is an introduction that offers a comparison of historic and modern-era hate crimes. In part 2 on hate crime laws, the authors detail legal developments related to hate crime. The readings collectively describe some of the complexities associated with legislation and judicial interpretations of hate crime laws. Part 3 discusses the complex public policy issues raised in creating laws that define what constitutes a hate crime and demonstrates that the creation and implementation of public policies reflect the influence of political and practical considerations. The readings in the next section examine the perpetrators of hate crimes and why hate crimes are committed using diverse theoretical perspectives and a wide range of methods. Part 5 examines and discusses organized hate groups and the central role they play in extremism. This is followed by a section of readings that document both historical and contemporary examples of the ways in which members of targeted groups have been victimized by hate crimes, as well as the social processes by which people come to be characterized as “others” outside the mainstream of society. Part 7 examines different strategies for fighting hate through changing attitudes which serve as precursors to hate crimes and respond to the emotional needs of victims when dealing with the aftermath of hate crimes. Lastly, part 8 presents a variety of international perspectives on the social and legal issues involved in defining, preventing, and sanctioning hate crime. They illuminate the American experience with hate crimes by describing the experiences of other countries in ways that provide instructive comparisons. As an emerging domain of law, the field of hate crime is changing rapidly; staying current with the wide-ranging social and legal aspects of hate crimes is essential. Tables, references, author and subject indexes
Main Term(s): Hate Crimes
Index Term(s): Bias related violence; Literature reviews; Racially motivated violence; Religiously motivated violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.