skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 219691 Find in a Library
Title: Is Commercial Alcohol Availability Related to Adolescent Alcohol Sources and Alcohol Use?: Findings From a Multi-Level Study
Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health  Volume:41  Issue:2  Dated:August 2007  Pages:168-174
Author(s): Mallie J. Paschall Ph.D.; Joel W. Grube Ph.D.; Carol Black M.A.; Christopher L. Ringwalt Dr.P.H.
Date Published: August 2007
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether compliance with underage sales laws for alcoholic beverages by licensed retail establishments was related to underage use of commercial and social alcohol sources (friends older and younger than 21, from home without permission, from a parent, from a sibling, or asking a stranger to buy it), perceived ease of obtaining alcohol, and alcohol use.
Abstract: The study found that compliance with underage alcohol sales laws by licensed retail establishments might affect underage alcohol use indirectly through its effect on underage use of commercial alcohol sources and perceived ease of obtaining alcoholic beverages; however, the use of social alcohol sources was more strongly related to underage drinking than use of commercial alcohol sources and perceived ease of obtaining alcoholic beverages. There was a strong positive association between the use of social alcohol sources and past-30-day drinking behaviors. The findings suggest that reducing the availability of direct underage alcoholic-beverage purchases from retail outlets may have only a modest effect on underage drinking. Social sources of alcoholic beverages are apparently much more important than commercial sources. Research on the effects of strategies to reduce social sources of drinking for underage youth is limited. In 2005, alcohol-beverage purchase surveys were conducted at 403 off-premise licensed retail establishments in 43 Oregon school districts. A survey was also administered to 3,332 11th graders in these districts. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were used to examine relationships between the school district alcohol sales rate and students' use of commercial and social alcohol sources, perceived ease of obtaining alcohol, past-30-day alcohol use, and heavy drinking. 3 tables, 1 figure, and 16 references
Main Term(s): Underage Drinking
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse prevention; Alcoholic beverage consumption; Alcoholic beverages; Legal drinking age
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.