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NCJ Number: 219704 Find in a Library
Title: Cognition, Emotion, and Neurobiological Development: Mediating the Relation Between Maltreatment and Aggression
Journal: Child Maltreatment  Volume:12  Issue:3  Dated:August 2007  Pages:281-298
Author(s): Vivien Lee; Peter N.S. Hoaken
Date Published: August 2007
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Ottawa, ON, K1A 0W9, Canada
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Grant Number: CHIR 63212
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review examines how child maltreatment influences the development of aggression.
Abstract: The review proposes that features of cognitive, emotional, and neurological development mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and the development of aggression. In addition, it suggests that physical abuse and neglect may have different effects on a youth's development. Physical abuse may result in hypervigilance to physical threats and distorted perceptions of hostile threats. Neglect, on the other hand, may result in difficulties with the regulation of emotion because of a lack of emotional interactions. These processes may be "hardwired" into neural networks through the overactivation of certain brain regions and dysfunctional cognitive processes. The theoretical and speculative nature of the propositions derived from this review are intended to foster hypotheses for future research regarding the mechanisms by which aggressive behavior evolves from the experience of and reactions to childhood maltreatment. Such research is critical, because only when the adverse effects of maltreatment on brain and cognitive development are understood can policymakers and practitioners alter the developmental pathway to aggression. 37 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Aggression; Antisocial attitudes; Biological influences; Child abuse; Child emotional abuse and neglect; Child Sexual Abuse; Emotional disorders; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile dependency and neglect; Violence causes; Violent juvenile offenders
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