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NCJ Number: 219709 Find in a Library
Title: Factors Contributing to Differences in Substance Use Among Black and White Adolescents
Journal: Youth & Society  Volume:39  Issue:1  Dated:September 2007  Pages:54-74
Author(s): Toni Terling Watt; Jesse McCoy Rogers
Date Published: September 2007
Page Count: 21
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Utilizing the Adolescent Health Survey (ADD Health), this study examined how substance use among adolescents varied for Whites and African-Americans and identified the specific compositional characteristics and process differences that accounted for variations in use rates.
Abstract: The study confirms existing research findings that alcohol use is lower for African-Americans relative to White adolescents and for males and females. However, it did not find differences for African-Americans and Whites on the incidence of heavy drinking and drug use. In addition, the results revealed that the effects of family and peers on alcohol use were different for African-American and White youth. African-American females are less influenced than White females by friends who drink. African-American females are less influenced by peers, and African-American males are more influenced by supportive families than are Whites. Overall, differences in alcohol use are almost entirely explained by differences in process, in particular, the influence of peers and the family. Current research shows that the relationship between race and/or ethnicity and substance use is complex. This study used the Add Health Survey, a large school-based study of the health-related behaviors of adolescents in grades 7 to 12, to examine alcohol and drug used by race and/or ethnicity and to explore how differences in composition and process might produce differences in use. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Adolescents at risk; Black/African Americans; Cross-cultural analyses; Ethnic groups; Juvenile drug abusers; Underage Drinking
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