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NCJ Number: 219879 Find in a Library
Title: Race and Repeats: The Impact of Officer Performance on Racially Biased Policing
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:35  Issue:4  Dated:July/August 2007  Pages:405-417
Author(s): Lisa Growette Bostaph
Date Published: July 2007
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the impact of the "repeat phenomenon" (a small proportion of people or places accounting for a larger proportion of events) on racial disparities in police motor vehicle stops.
Abstract: The study found that officers assigned to districts, in contrast to officers in special units that operate across districts, and officers who worked in areas with high levels of relative deprivation stopped Black drivers at disproportionate levels. Differing levels of racial disparity were also found between low and high performing officers as groups. Although officers in both categories, on average, disproportionately stopped Black drivers, the low performers had a significantly higher average disproportionality index score than the high performers. In terms of racially biased policing, the regression analyses failed to identify any significant individual level predictor, specifically those that pertained to officer race. The lack of any individual level effects in the prediction of racial disparity discounted the concept of bigoted White officers being the cause of disproportionate stops of Black drivers. There was sufficient support for examining the possibility of institutional policy and/or disproportionate offending being explanations for disproportionate motor vehicle stops of Black drivers. The data used were collected as part of a contract with the City of Cincinnati to examine police motor vehicle stops for evidence of racial disparity. Data were collected on driver race for all traffic stops made by Cincinnati police officers. Data collection began on May 7, 2001. Information was compiled from officer contact cards and the 2000 census. The database included information on 6,737 stops across 178 officers. 4 tables, 9 notes, and 74 references
Main Term(s): Police-citizen interactions
Index Term(s): Ohio; Police discretion; Police officer performance evaluations; Profiling; Racial discrimination; Vehicle stops
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