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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 220037 Find in a Library
Title: Efficacy of Diversion and Aftercare Strategies for Adult Drug-Involved Offenders: A Summary and Methodological Review of the Outcome Literature
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:26  Issue:4  Dated:July 2007  Pages:379-387
Author(s): Evelyn Harvey; Anthony Shakeshaft; Kate Hetherington; Claudia Sannibale; Richard P. Mattick
Date Published: July 2007
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This study reviewed diversion and aftercare programs for drug-involved offenders.
Abstract: Results of the study found that the evaluation studies of diversion programs published in the last 10 years continue to be characterized by poor methodological quality and inadequate reporting of study details, and that there is opportunity to conduct evaluations in the area of aftercare that is not prison-based or postrelease. Twenty outcome studies were identified for review: 19 on diversion and 1 on aftercare. Although most studies were prospective, few reported on long-term outcomes following treatment. Detail was lacking in basic study characteristics, such as eligibility criteria and outcomes. All studies were conducted in the United States (n=79 percent) or Australia (n=21 percent). Total sample sizes ranged from 156 to 1,966 with a mean of 601 and a median of 399 participants per evaluation. Figure, table, references
Main Term(s): Diversion programs; Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Australia; Diversion/aftercare outcome prediction; Drug offenders; Recidivism
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