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NCJ Number: 220113 Find in a Library
Title: Beyond Public Protection: An Examination of Community Protection and Public Health Approaches to High-Risk Offenders
Journal: Criminology & Criminal Justice  Volume:7  Issue:3  Dated:August 2007  Pages:203-222
Author(s): Hazel Kemshall; Jason Wood
Date Published: August 2007
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article explores some of the moral values in each of the models regarding key assumptions about the offender and the community.
Abstract: Finding show that the community protection model dealt with the exclusion and distancing of sexual offenders, while the public health approach was viewed as preventive and forward looking utilizing language such as problem identification and prevention. The study set out to analyze two highly reoccurring themes in recent criminal justice legislation and policy decisions. The article draws on two research projects recently completed by the authors: an evaluation of ‘Stop it Now! UK and Ireland’ (2004) and an evaluation of Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) (2005). The first study sought to examine the Stop it Now! organization’s activities since its conception 3 years prior. The organization views the sexual abuse of children as a preventable social problem that should be addressed through a public health framework. The Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements views sexual abuse of children as a problem that should be addressed through the community protection model. The Stop it Now! research project utilized interviews with key personnel, observations of steering groups, operational group meetings, analysis of publicity, and helpline caller case files. The MAPPA research project utilized a survey of 42 police and probation areas, site visits at 6 of the MAPPA areas, a total of 66 interviews, and 10 focus groups. Limitations of the study are discussed. Figure, table, and references
Main Term(s): Sex offenders
Index Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Community crime prevention programs; Healthcare; Legislation; Policy analysis; Public Health Service; Sexually abused adolescents
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