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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 220208 Find in a Library
Title: Collateral Gains From the Military?: A Cross-National Analysis of the Armed Forces-Crime Relationship
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:51  Issue:5  Dated:October 2007  Pages:599-614
Author(s): Ivan Y. Sun; Hung-En Sung; Doris C. Chu
Date Published: October 2007
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study looked at the potential role the armed forces could play in crime prevention.
Abstract: Research has shown that males between the ages of 16 and 24 commit a disproportionate amount of crime. The armed forces are a major employer of young males “during their crime prone years.” For this reason, the armed forces could really play a significant role in preventing crime. The study showed that countries with a large military force have lower homicide rates. Nations with the military draft have higher homicide rates than countries with an all-volunteer force. The two control variables that were used (income inequality and male population) had a tremendous influence on homicide rates. The researcher’s purpose was to examine the relationship between the armed forces and “violent-crime rates in a cross-national study.” The study used data from 65 countries from 1995 to 1999 and the data was obtained from 5 different sources. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Behavior modification; Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Homicide; US Armed Forces; Violent crimes
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