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NCJ Number: 220240 Find in a Library
Title: Racial Profiling and the Courts: An Empirical Analysis of Federal Litigation, 1991 to 2006
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:23  Issue:3  Dated:August 2007  Pages:226-238
Author(s): Shaun L. Gabbidon; Lakiesha N. Marzette; Steven A. Peterson
Date Published: August 2007
Page Count: 13
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This research study examined the characteristics of racial profiling that reach Federal courts.
Abstract: Based on the review of these Federal cases, the research reveals that racial profiling cases are on the decline. Also, most of the persons alleging they were racially profiled were African-American and Hispanic. More than half of the persons making racial profiling allegations were caught engaging in criminal activity during the incident that instigated the legal suit. In addition, most of the incidents involved multiple male officers, employed by local police departments. Lastly, the research found that persons making racial profiling allegations were in less than a third of the cases. Long before criminologists and others began investigating racial profiling, racial and ethnic-minorities in American had long implied or asserted that they were targeted for stops and searches by law enforcement, simply because of the color of their skin. Public opinion polls taken in the late 1990s found that racial profiling exists. This study examined 135 Federal-level racial profiling cases. The goal of this study was to examine the nature of Federal-level racial profiling cases in Federal courts. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Police-minority relations
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Federal courts; Judicial decisions; Minority overrepresentation; Race-crime relationships; Racial discrimination; Traffic law enforcement; Traffic offenses
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