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NCJ Number: 220307 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Justice, Social Exclusion and the Demise of Social Justice
Journal: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:46  Issue:4  Dated:September 2007  Pages:401-416
Author(s): Patricia Gray
Date Published: September 2007
Page Count: 16
Publisher: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/ 
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: After identifying the influence of socioeconomic disadvantage in undermining efforts to prevent young offenders from reoffending in England and Wales, this article proposes addressing this issue with a "transformative" rights-based agenda.
Abstract: This article first examines how the New Labour Government has interpreted offender reintegration and, based on this view, the type of social policy and youth justice initiatives that have been promoted. The author then challenges New Labour's conclusions about why many of these initiatives have failed to meet their goals. He argues that the fundamental reason for failure is not managerial inefficiency or breakdowns in partnership arrangements, as concluded by policymakers, but rather is due to the way in which reintegration of young offenders has been envisioned in New Labour's social policy and youth justice discourses. Reintegration has been viewed as the personal moral responsibility of young offenders, who are expected to devise ways of dealing with the structural barriers to reintegration. This strategy will always fail, because it ignores the embedded socioeconomic disadvantage that influences offending behaviors and over which youth have very little control. The article concludes with advice on how social justice ideals could be strengthened in youth justice interventions. The recommended reform requires fundamental changes in the distribution of wealth and resources, so that more equitable socioeconomic outcomes are achieved. This involves ensuring the rights of youth to receive the educational opportunities that will improve their access to job opportunities which produce a socioeconomic status that bolsters self-esteem and commitment to normative values. 6 notes and 54 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Economic influences; Juvenile Recidivism; Social conditions; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=242120

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