skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 220313 Find in a Library
Title: Timing and Mechanisms of the Offending-Depression Link
Journal: Criminology  Volume:45  Issue:3  Dated:August 2007  Pages:583-616
Author(s): Sonja E. Siennick
Date Published: August 2007
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
Grant Number: P01-HD31921
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) to examine the timing and mechanisms of the link between offending and depression.
Abstract: The study concludes that depression in a young adult with a history of juvenile delinquency is more closely related to offending as a young adult than to a lack of educational attainment or previous justice system contacts. The association between depression and offending in adulthood accounts for the entire longitudinal relationship between delinquency and depression. The most complete picture of the causes and consequences of delinquency depends on a careful study of the ways in which offending and other behaviors and events are linked over the life span. Add Health drew on a nationally representative sample of adolescents in grades 7 through 12 during the 1994-1995 school year. In 2001, 14,322 respondents in the probability sample completed followup in-home interviews at wave III. The analyses for the current study were based on data from waves I and III and were limited to respondents with valid data on the key study variables of delinquency and depression. Analyses were limited to respondents with valid data on the key study variables of delinquency and depression; the wave III variables of educational attainment and idleness; and the control variables of race, family composition, socioeconomic status, vocabulary score, and educational aspirations. The final sample consisted of 13,155 respondents (92 percent of the wave III probability sample). 5 tables, 71 references, and appended weighted zero-order correlations
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquents; Juvenile to adult criminal careers; Longitudinal studies; Mental disorders; Psychological influences on crime; Young adult offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.