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NCJ Number: 220355 Find in a Library
Title: Reading Problems, Attentional Deficits, and Current Mental Health Status in Adjudicated Adolescent Males
Journal: Journal of Correctional Education  Volume:58  Issue:3  Dated:September 2007  Pages:293-315
Author(s): Natalie O'Brien; Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling; John Shelley-Tremblay
Date Published: September 2007
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2001-SI-FX-0006
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the prevalence of reading problems and self-reported symptoms of attention deficits in a sample of adjudicated adolescent males residing in an alternative sentencing residential program.
Abstract: Study findings indicate that male offenders with attention deficits reported greater depression, reduced self-concept, and a more external point of control at intake than male offenders with reading difficulties. Furthermore, male youth offenders with reading and attention problems reported more depression, less positive self-concepts and a more external locus of control than did youth with reading problems only, but did not differ significantly from the group who only reported attention problems. The results of this study support previous findings that the prevalence of reading problems and attention deficits in juvenile delinquents is considerable. These results highlight the need for regular assessment of disabilities for youth in the juvenile justice system. Relatively few existing studies have examined reading problems, with or without symptoms of attention deficits in adjudicated youth who are residing within the juvenile justice system. Yet, in non-adjudicated samples, these deficits have been shown to relate to three important juvenile justice outcomes: depression levels, internal versus external focus of control, and self-concept. Therefore, this study focused on 101 adjudicated male youth who were residing in an alternative sentencing residential facility in Alabama. The prevalence of reading problems and self-reported attention deficits was determined, as was the relationship between having a learning or attention problem and mental health status and perceived point of control at intake to the facility. Tables, figure, and references
Main Term(s): Male juvenile delinquents
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Attention deficit disorder (ADD); Child development; Educational levels; Illiteracy; Juvenile delinquents; Literacy education; Male offenders; OJJDP grant-related documents; Problem behavior; Remedial education; Youth development
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