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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 220365 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing Reoffending: Social Work and Community Justice in Scotland
Author(s): Fergus McNeill; Bill Whyte
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 256
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Publication Number: ISBN: 978-1-84392-218-6
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book provides a critical overview of social work with offenders in Scotland, taking full account of recent developments.
Abstract: Although probation in Scotland has a long history, criminal justice social work only emerged as a distinct specialism as a result of the Law Reform Act of 1990. The Act provided for the development of the National Objectives and Standards (NOS). It enabled the emergence of renewed professional identity within social work supported by specialist qualifications. The implications were that criminal justice social work should be able to make a range of community disposals available to the courts, specifically for nonviolent offenders and less serious offenders. In the delivery of social work, there have been changes, both politically and organizationally, with greater emphasis on providing these services in partnership with others working in the fields of education, health, and justice in the public, private, and voluntary sectors. The Management of Offenders Act 2005 established a National Advisory Body on Offender Management. The first National Strategy for the Management of Offenders was published in 2006, aimed at encouraging a set of common aims and expected outcomes centered on increased public protection and delivering a consistent approach to managing offenders in prison and in the community. In the context of grasping and understanding these critical and potentially far-reaching reforms, this book is divided into three parts. Part I aims to provide an analysis of the challenges currently faced in community justice in Scotland. Part II provides an account of the legal contexts of criminal justice social work services in Scotland. Part III examines the question of how the practice of supervising offenders in the community might be best developed in order to support desistance, better social integration, and reduce reoffending. In order for the current changes in Scotland to realize their potential, the agenda needs to move beyond crime reduction and towards Scottish community justice. Figures, tables, appendix and references
Main Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Correctional reform; Criminal justice system analysis; Criminal justice system effectiveness; History of corrections; Nontraditional corrections management; Prison overcrowding; Scotland; Social work; Social work advocacy
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