skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 220413 Find in a Library
Title: Analysis of Tire Rubber Traces Collected After Braking Incidents Using Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:52  Issue:5  Dated:September 2007  Pages:1050-1056
Author(s): Garry Sarkissian B.Sc.
Date Published: September 2007
Page Count: 7
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used pyrolysis gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to analyze traces of tire material left after braking, in order to determine whether the analysis could distinguish tires by their manufacturer.
Abstract: All 12 of the tires could be distinguished by using linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and 10 of the 12 tires could be differentiated by using target compound identification (TCI). The analysis determined that the tires were not homogenous and that differences could be observed in the repeat analysis of a sample. Physical changes were also observed between the tire sample and the skid-mark sample. Because of the changes that occur in tire material in the course of the skid, skid-mark samples are more likely to be identified correctly when compared with other skid-mark samples rather than the tires. Such an analysis is useful in identifying the tires of a vehicle involved in a hit-and-run accident when skid-marks are involved. Twelve tires from different manufacturers were used to create the braking marks. Braking marks were produced under controlled conditions, i.e., with a vehicle traveling at 60 km/h on a concrete road that contained gravel aggregate. The section of road used for each braking incident was clear of any visible tire marks. The tire rubber from the skid marks was collected directly off the road surface with tweezers. Each of the 12 samples was examined for both consistencies and inconsistencies over the duration of the chromatogram and through 6 repeat analyses. Pyrolysis was performed using a Shimadzu Furnace Pyrolyser-4a Ver.2 set at 450 degrees centigrade, mounted on the split injector of the GC/MS. The analysis was performed using a Shimadzu GC-17A gas chromatograph coupled to a Shimadzu GCMS-QP5050A mass spectrometer. 4 tables, 5 figures, and 6 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Accident investigation; Chromatography; Comparative analysis; Evidence collection; Hit and run; Pyrolysis; Shoe prints and tire tracks; Traffic accidents; Vehicle identification
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.