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NCJ Number: 220471 Find in a Library
Title: Adolescent Bullying Involvement and Perceived Family, Peer and School Relations: Commonalities and Differences Across Race/Ethnicity
Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health  Volume:41  Issue:3  Dated:September 2007  Pages:283-293
Author(s): Aubrey L. Spriggs M.A.; Ronald J. Iannotti Ph.D.; Tonja R. Nansel Ph.D.; Denise L. Haynie Ph.D.
Date Published: September 2007
Page Count: 11
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using a nationally representative sample, this study examined association between bullying and family, peer, and school relations for White, African-American, and Hispanic adolescents.
Abstract: Study results indicate that 9 percent of respondents were victims of bullying, 9 percent were bullies, and 3 percent were bully-victims. African-American adolescents reported a significantly lower prevalence of victimization than White and Hispanic students. Multivariate results indicate modest racial/ethnic variation in associations between bullying and family, peer, and school factors. Parental communication, social isolation, and classmate relationships were similarly related to bullying across racial/ethnic groups. Living with two biological parents was protective against bullying involvement for White students only. In addition, although school satisfaction and performance were negatively associated with bullying involvement for White and Hispanic students, school factors were largely unrelated to bullying among African-American students. The conclusions in this study are that although school attachment and performance were inconsistently related to bullying behavior across race/ethnicity, bullying behaviors were consistently related to peer relationship across African-American, White, and Hispanic adolescents. In addition, negative associations between family communication and bullying behaviors for White, African-American, and Hispanic adolescents suggest the importance of addressing family interactions in future bullying prevention efforts. Although bullying is recognized as a serious problem in the United States, little is known about racial/ethnic differences in bullying risk. This study examined a nationally representative sample of 11,033 adolescents on the associations between bullying and family, peer, and school relations for White, African-American, and Hispanic adolescents. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Bullying
Index Term(s): Acting out behavior; Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Adolescents at risk; Behavior patterns; Black/African Americans; Crime in schools; Cultural influences; Ethnic groups; Hispanic Americans; Home environment; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Parental attitudes; Peer assessment; Peer influences on behavior; Problem behavior; Race relations; School influences on crime
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