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NCJ Number: 220521 Find in a Library
Title: Desistance From Serious and Not So Serious Crime: A Comparison of Psychosocial Risk Factors
Journal: Criminal Justice Studies  Volume:20  Issue:3  Dated:September 2007  Pages:231-253
Author(s): Elaine Gunnison; Paul Mazerolle
Date Published: September 2007
Page Count: 23
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using data from the National Youth Survey, this study examined whether psychosocial factors differentiated offenders who desisted from reoffending from those who reoffended and whether these factors varied for offenders who desisted from general and more serious forms of offending.
Abstract: Results show that risk factors such as delinquent dispositions, delinquent peer association, perceived certainty of punishment, and drug/alcohol use distinguished desisters from reoffending from persisters in reoffending. Involvement in conventional activities and marriage distinguished desisters from persisters for general delinquency; i.e., desisters from less serious crime exhibited stronger bonds to marriage. The measures that distinguished desisters and persisters from serious delinquency differed from those found for general delinquency. The findings suggest that desisters from general crime are more likely to be influenced by social control and deterrence measures than desisters from serious crime. Recommendations are offered for future research. The data used in the analyses were drawn from the first seven waves of the National Youth Survey, a well-known panel study developed from a national probability household sample of adolescents across the United States. Throughout each of the seven waves, data were collected through personal interviews. The total number of individuals for whom data existed across all 7 waves was 1,224, representing a 29-percent attrition rate. Measures included in the analyses addressed processes of social control, deterrence, strain, and social learning. General delinquency was measured with a scale developed by the researchers. Desistance and persistence was measured over a period of 3 years. 4 tables, 9 notes, and 70 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Recidivism
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile recidivism statistics; Recidivism; Recidivism causes
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