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NCJ Number: 220528 Find in a Library
Title: Four P-Words of Militant Islamist Radicalization and Recruitment: Persecution, Precedent, Piety, and Perseverance
Journal: Studies in Conflict & Terrorism  Volume:7  Issue:3  Dated:November 2007  Pages:985-1011
Author(s): Johnny Ryan
Date Published: November 2007
Page Count: 27
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article suggests that a single interpretative framework explains militant Islamist rhetoric and can be used to compare it to more traditional campaigns such as Irish Republican militancy and differences of culture, scale, and lethality.
Abstract: The article proposes a common framework for a revolutionary message that promotes violence. The message is based in four "P's": Persecution, Precedent, Piety, and Perseverance. This framework applies equally to militant Republic and Islamist calls to violence. "Persecution" refers to abusive/oppressive treatment by a dominant and powerful entity. "Precedent" refers to historic revolutions that have used violence to achieve change and remedy victimization. "Piety" pertains to an authoritative ideology that supports the call to arms; and "Perseverance" refers to the will and persistence required to achieve change in conflict with a powerful enemy. Although the geographic scale and unorthodox behavior of the campaigns and theaters associated with Islamist militancy makes them difficult for Western decisionmakers to grasp intellectually, it is important to understand that the essential elements of the Islamist militant's message are common to Western European historic ethno-nationalist campaigns. The author concludes that it is unlikely that European lawmakers' efforts to censor radical Islamists' Internet communications and other recruitment material will succeed in reducing terrorism, since so much of the call to violence is interwoven with historical narratives that underlie legitimate group identities. 162 notes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Islamic law; Religion; Religiously motivated violence; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorism causes; Terrorist ideologies; Terrorist profiles; Terrorist tactics
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