skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 220547 Find in a Library
Title: Exploring Liability Profiles: A Proximate Cause Analysis of Police Misconduct: Part II
Journal: International Journal of Police Science & Management  Volume:9  Issue:3  Dated:Autumn 2007  Pages:201-213
Author(s): Brian A. Kinnaird
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study involving the San Francisco Police Department analyzed a law enforcement agency’s operations to determine its liability risk profile following evidence of misconduct within its ranks.
Abstract: The findings of this study indicated that sustained complaints of misconduct resulted from officers failing to obey either policy or training. Additionally, deviant behavior as evidenced by sustained misconduct allegations was a result of the lack of control or the existence of control measures. Recent history shows that a significant number of citizens, internationally, are now seeking litigation against police agencies when law enforcement officers violate their civil rights. Often the events that precede complaints occur due to poor policy, training, and early warning by law enforcement agencies. In response, this study analyzed past policies and training procedures that were in effect for the San Francisco, California Police Department (SFPD) during 1998 to determine if there was any liability of risk following evidence of officer misconduct. The intent was to determine whether or not the SFPD had appropriate policies, training, and control measures in place to minimize potential citizen complaints that could have led to misconduct allegations. This article is the second and final part of an article which continues from Exploring Liability Profiles: A Proximate Cause Analysis of Police Misconduct: Part I (2007). References
Main Term(s): Police misconduct
Index Term(s): Abuse of authority; California; Civil liability; Complaints against police; Police legal limitations; Police legal training; Police policies and procedures; Police procedures training; Police-citizen interactions; Public Opinion of the Police
Note: See NCJ-220069 for Part I
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.