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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 220586 Find in a Library
Title: What Works in Substance Misuse Treatment for Offenders?
Journal: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:2007  Pages:225-233
Author(s): Mary McMurran
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 9
Type: Literature Review; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study examined what is most effective in treating offenders for substance abuse in England and Wales, based on Pearson and Lipton's (1999) meta-analysis of substance-use treatment evaluations in correctional settings.
Abstract: Interventions identified as ineffective were boot camps and group counseling. Evidence was strongest for the effectiveness of therapeutic communities and cognitive-behavioral therapies. Maintenance prescriptions for heroin-addicted offenders, especially when combined with psychological treatment, have shown promise. Arrest-referral schemes, court-mandated drug rehabilitation, and drug courts can be effective, but improvements in interagency cooperation are required. There is evidence that treatment for substance abuse in correctional settings can reduce reoffending, so resources should be committed to improving interventions based on empirical evaluations. This should result in improving treatment completion rates; the development of programs that serve offenders involved in specific drug-related and alcohol-related offenses; and the use of programs that match the needs of specific offender groups. Pearson and Lipton's project--entitled, Correctional Drug Abuse Treatment Effectiveness project--examined drug treatment evaluations published between 1968 and 1996. 37 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Drug treatment; Drug treatment programs; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment techniques
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