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NCJ Number: 220669 Find in a Library
Title: Revisiting Incapacitation: Can We Generate New Estimates?
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:23  Issue:4  Dated:December 2007  Pages:259-265
Author(s): Peter Reuter; Shawn D. Bushway
Date Published: December 2007
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 0510259274
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Focusing on the incapacitation path, this paper reviews prior research from the perspective of criminologists and economists, some new empirical contributions, and a methodological note raising a basic point about the related effort to maximize incapacitation effects by selective incarceration.
Abstract: A substantial body of empirical research examines how the huge expansion in incarceration in the United States since the early 1970s has influenced crime. These studies merge the effects of three conceptually distinct paths by which incarceration might reduce crime: general deterrence, specific deterrence, and incapacitation. Incapacitation has acquired prominence primarily because of the claim that it is more readily estimated than the total effect. This paper focuses specifically on the incapacitation path. It reviews the individual papers and offers judgment as to the plausibility of progress using different research strategies. It emphasizes the potential for using individual level data to take advantage of natural experiments. References
Main Term(s): Convicted offender incapacitation
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Correctional reform; Corrections effectiveness; Incarceration; NIJ grant-related documents; Post-conviction remedies; Selective incapacitation; Sentencing/Sanctions
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