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NCJ Number: 220762 Find in a Library
Title: Eliminate Residency Restrictions for Sex Offenders
Journal: Criminology & Public Policy  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:November 2007  Pages:863-870
Author(s): Jeffery T. Walker
Date Published: November 2007
Page Count: 8
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After examining research that identifies problems associated with residency restrictions for sex offenders, this paper recommends repealing such laws and calls for design and testing of more effective ways of preventing the repeat of sex offenses.
Abstract: Research on the impact of residency restrictions for sex offenders in the community has increasingly found little or no influence of such restrictions on reoffending, while they create negative consequences. States that have laws with residency restrictions for sex offenders should repeal them, and all States should examine existing research on the effects of various prevention measures before mandating particular measures. A 2005 study in Colorado found that sex offenders against children who reoffended while under parole supervision were scattered throughout the study area and did not live closer to child-concentrated areas than those who did not reoffend. A 2003 Minnesota study found no relationship between a sex offender's living close to schools or parks and his reoffending. Further, the Minnesota study found that sex offenders were more likely to seek victims in neighborhoods at some distance from where they lived in order to reduce their risk of being identified. Negative consequences of residency restrictions are the clustering of sex offenders in the few areas where they are permitted to live, homelessness, and transience. Policies more likely to be effective in preventing reoffending by sex offenders, particularly against children, are to provide children and their caregivers with information on protective measures while providing increased monitoring and treatment for sex offenders living in communities. 20 references
Main Term(s): Effectiveness of crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures; Recidivism; Research uses in policymaking; Sex Offender Registration; Sex offenders
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