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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 220780 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Gender and Family, Friend, and Media Influences on Eating Behaviors and Body Image During Adolescence
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:36  Issue:8  Dated:November 2007  Pages:1024-1037
Author(s): Rheanna N. Ata; Alison Bryant Ludden; Megan M. Lally
Date Published: November 2007
Page Count: 14
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined how self-esteem, perceptions of pressure and support from family and friends, weight-related teasing, and media pressure are linked with adolescents' perceptions of their bodies and their eating behaviors.
Abstract: The findings suggest that pressure from family and friends to be thin and gain muscle, low parental support, low body-esteem, and perceptions that one's own body is different from the ideal are all important predictors of high-risk, eating-related beliefs and behaviors. Adolescents who tend to be appearance-oriented and compare their bodies to peers and images in magazines are also more likely to report risky sexual behavior and substance use. Attention to the pressures that adolescents feel about achieving the ideal body image promoted by the media, family, and friends can help in identifying and targeting those factors likely to promote eating disorders, regardless of gender. Study participants were 177 students in grades 8 through 12 (ages 13-19) from 3 schools in the Northeast United States. Self-report questionnaires measured eating attitudes and behaviors (The Eating Attitudes Test); body image and body-esteem (Contour Drawing Rating Scale); self-esteem (adapted version of Harter's Global Self-worth Scale); parental and peer social support; and sociocultural pressures (the Perceived Sociocultural Pressure Scale). 4 tables and 70 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile health services
Index Term(s): Eating disorders; Gender issues; Juvenile self concept; Media coverage; Parent-Child Relations; Parental attitudes; Parental influence; Peer influences on behavior
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