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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 220804 Find in a Library
Title: Family, School, Peer and Individual Influences on Early Adolescent Alcohol Use: First-Year Impact of the Resilient Families Programme
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:26  Issue:6  Dated:November 2007  Pages:625-634
Author(s): Alison L. Shortt; Delyse M. Hutchinson; Rianna Chapman; John W. Toumbourou
Date Published: November 2007
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Alcohol Education and Rehabilitation Foundation

Australian Dept of Health and Ageing
Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
Canberra ACT 2601,
Grant Number: 251721
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This study examined the feasibility of preventing adolescent alcohol use by modifying family factors during secondary school.
Abstract: The results found that intervention during the 8th grade appeared to benefit education-related outcomes, but had no overall effect in reducing student alcohol use; intervention effects on alcohol misuse might become significant in secondary school once the entire program has been fully implemented. Considerable alcohol use was detected in early secondary school, suggesting that interventions to reduce alcohol use may be useful implemented prior to this period. Influences within the family, school, peer group, and individual were examined together with the potential impact of an intervention program called "Resilient Families" (RF); 24 schools in Melbourne, Australia were randomly assigned to either the RF intervention group or a control group. At the start of secondary school, one-third of students reported alcohol use. Baseline cohorts of 2,315 seventh grade students were followed up 1 year later; a subset of parents also returned baseline surveys; at the one year followup, almost half the students reported using alcohol. In regression analyses, predicting from parent-reported variables to student-reported alcohol use, significant multivariate effects were observed for a number of family factors including protective effects associated with parent attendance at brief parental education and involvement in school education. Exposure to the first-year components of RF intervention predicted a number of improvements in student evaluations of their educational and family environment. However, the high level of alcohol use observed at entry to secondary school together with the strong predictive influence of individual and peer alcohol and tobacco use, suggest that family-based interventions might need to be supplemented with prevention programs prior to entry to secondary schools if they are to succeed in preventing adolescent alcohol use. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Australia; Underage Drinking; Underage Drinking Programs
Index Term(s): Attitude measurement; Family intervention programs; Family support; Parent-Child Relations; School based family services; Testing and measurement
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