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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 220846 
Title: Profiling Places: Geodemographics and GIS (From Handbook of Criminal Investigation, P 517-546, 2007, Tim Newburn, Tom Williamson, and Alan Wright, eds. -- See NCJ-220829)
Author(s): David Ashby; Max Craglia
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This chapter describes the characteristics of geographic information systems (GIS) and how criminal investigations may benefit from their use.
Abstract: GIS are computerized systems designed to analyze geographic data. GIS include the combination of hardware, software, people, skills, and organizational processes necessary to handle geographic information, including data collection, display, integration, analysis, use, dissemination, and output. The chapter reviews the evolution of GIS from system to infrastructure, followed by a discussion of the importance of GIS to crime analysis and the strategic and tactical deployment of police resources in both the United States and the United Kingdom. Geographic profiling uses the geographic locations of a known series of crimes to assist in identifying the most likely area where the perpetrator of those crimes lives. The authors advise that the application of GIS to criminal investigation is in its infancy. The future should see the application of geographic analyses to all crime data and intelligence collected and recorded. One section of the chapter focuses on the assessment, examination, and comparison of neighborhood traits. Such analyses may provide information on the level and nature of the support an investigator may receive in different neighborhoods, as well as how best to engage with particular communities. 3 tables, 12 figures, and 49 references
Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
Index Term(s): Automated crime analysis; Computer aided operations; Computer mapping; Crime analysis; Foreign police; Geographic distribution of crime; Geographic information systems (GIS); Investigative techniques; Police crime analysis training
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