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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 220884 Find in a Library
Title: Comparison Study of Coping, Family Problem-Solving and Emotional Status in Victims of Domestic Violence
Journal: Journal of Psychological Trauma  Volume:6  Issue:1  Dated:2007  Pages:29-37
Author(s): Caroline Clements; Richard L. Ogle
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 9
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compared four groups of women on problem-solving, coping and emotional status: shelter-living, abused women; community-living, abused women; martially distressed women; and non-distressed, non-abused women.
Abstract: Results provide empirical support for the use of these types of comparison groups in domestic violence research. The data indicate that shelter-living abused (SLA) women differ from community-living abused (CLA) women in some ways but not in others, and that relationship distress does not account for differences found. SLA women evidenced greater frequency and severity of recent abuse than CLA women. Their past histories of abuse were similar. This difference in recent severity of abuse may speak to their current decision not to access shelter services. Both CLA and SLA women showed high levels of depression and anxiety with SLA women reporting lower self-esteem. Overall, what distinguished SLA from CLA women was recent abuse severity and endorsement of aggression as a family problem-solving technique. The findings point to important differences between these groups underscoring the usefulness of including appropriate comparison groups. Intimate partner violence is a disturbing social problem. Abused women show high rates of depression and anxiety. However, a significant weakness of the literature is the lack of appropriate groups. In this study, shelter-living, abused women were compared to community-living, abused women, martially distressed women, and non-distressed non-abused women, on relationship characteristics, emotional status, and family problem-solving and coping. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Domestic assault
Index Term(s): Abused women; Abused-nonabused child comparisons; Comparative analysis; Comparative criminology; Female victims; Self concept; Victimization; Victimology
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