skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 220952 Find in a Library
Title: Protean Times?: Exploring the Relationships Between Policing, Community and Race in Rural England
Journal: Criminology and Criminal Justice: An International Journal  Volume:7  Issue:4  Dated:November 2007  Pages:347-365
Author(s): Jon Garland; Neil Chakraborti
Date Published: November 2007
Page Count: 19
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article addresses the interdependent relationships between notions of rural community and ideas of nationhood in England, and assesses how these can create boundaries that exclude outsiders or those perceived to be different, thereby creating the need for diversity in policing.
Abstract: Rural villages in England are often portrayed as problem-free, idyllic environments characterized by neighborliness and cultural homogeneity. However, as indicated and argued in this article, racist victimization in rural environments is a significant issue that has only recently begun to receive the necessary attention. The increasing ethnic diversity of the countryside’s population is challenging the suggestion that the rural is “purely a White landscape." It is argued that village space is not neutral but is instead racialized and contested, and that it is feelings of insecurity among White rural populations, exacerbated by the presence of a markedly different “other” that results in the marginalization of minority ethnic groups from mainstream community activities. It is also suggested that these groups are often subjected to racist victimization, which can go unrecognized by local agencies. This has implications for policing diversity in rural areas. The article explores ways in which the public police could begin to develop a more nuanced understanding of the diversification of rural space and outside populations. Notes, references
Main Term(s): Rural area studies
Index Term(s): Community conflict; Community policing; England; Geographic distribution of crime; Police effectiveness; Rural crime; Rural policing; Rural urban comparisons; Rural victims; United Kingdom (UK)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.