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NCJ Number: 220963 Find in a Library
Title: Empirical Portrait of Community Reentry Among Serious Juvenile Offenders in Two Metropolitan Cities
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior: An International Journal  Volume:34  Issue:11  Dated:November 2007  Pages:1402-1426
Author(s): He Len Chung; Carol A. Schubert; Edward Mulvey
Date Published: November 2007
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Arizona Governor's Justice Cmssn

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Pennsylvania Cmssn on Crime and Delinquency
Harrisburg, PA 17108-1167
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Princeton, NJ 08543
William Penn Foundation
Philadelphia, PA 19103
William T. Grant Foundation
New York, NY 10022
Grant Number: R01-DA019697;T32 MH 015169
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the community reentry process among several hundred serious adolescent offenders released from juvenile court commitments in two metropolitan areas.
Abstract: The findings indicate that reentry offenders are sensitive to close and extended supervision and service contacts during the aftercare period and that different components of these processes may be important for motivating restraint from negative behaviors and promoting engagement in school and/or work. The general findings about the importance of aftercare services in reducing the likelihood of recidivism mirror results from other investigations of long-term criminal outcomes with adult offenders on parole. To date, studies of offender reentry have provided limited data on reintegration outcomes and the impact of aftercare supervision and services on individual adjustment. This study examined the facility-to-community transition among 413 serious adolescent offenders released from juvenile court commitments in Maricopa County, AZ and Philadelphia County, PA. The study sought to provide a broad view of functioning during young offenders’ first 6 months in the community on multiple indicators of adjustment, antisocial activity, formal system involvement, school attendance, and employment. The study also assessed their participation in postrelease court supervision and community-based services and presented data about the duration and intensity of these activities. References
Main Term(s): Juvenile reintegration
Index Term(s): Juvenile offenders; Juvenile Recidivism; Juvenile social adjustment; Serious juvenile offenders; Social reintegration
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