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NCJ Number: 220992 Find in a Library
Title: CBRNE--The Challenges and Solutions
Journal: Homeland Defense Journal  Volume:5  Issue:8  Dated:August 2007  Pages:8,10,12
Author(s): Don Philpott
Date Published: August 2007
Page Count: 4
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes several initiatives by industry and government that are underway in countering the terrorist threat of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive (CBRNE) attacks.
Abstract: Raytheon's vice president for Homeland Security reports that the technology that is available and currently involved in research and development for countering CBRNE attacks is impressive. Regarding her company's efforts, she reports that Raytheon wants to expand on what was accomplished with Advanced Spectroscopic Portal and continue to be a lead systems integrator for domestic and international markets. Raytheon is also involved in developing and improving counter-IED (improvised explosive device) technology. In another venture, the U.S. Government's Joint Task Force Civil Support (JTF-CS) is focusing on saving lives, preventing injuries, and providing temporary critical life support following a CBRNE incident. During the recent Ardent Sentry 07 exercise, JTF-CS coordinated U.S. Department of Defense assets in responding to a simulated nuclear detonation within the city limits of Indianapolis. In a related development, fire departments across the country have begun to purchase much of the same equipment available to the National Guard's Weapons of Mass Destruction/Civil Support Teams (WMD/CST). One of the first analytical tools being purchased is the polarized light microscope, which has been proven useful for the rapid identification of suspicious powders or biological materials. The features of this technology are described in this article. The article concludes with a description of electromagnetic pulse weapons. They are able to disrupt communications and computing platforms as well as to destroy electronic components. There are concerns that these weapons will be used by terrorists to destroy a nation's electronic-based infrastructure. Efforts must be launched to protect sensitive infrastructure and critical systems from these types of attacks.
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Biological weapons; Chemical Weapons; Computer privacy and security; Counter-terrorism tactics; Emergency procedures; Hazardous substances or materials; Nuclear terrorism; Technology transfer; Terrorist weapons
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