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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221007 Find in a Library
Title: Implementing Electronic Monitoring
Author(s): Rita Haverkamp
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Max-Planck-Institute Fur Auslandisches und Internationales Strafrecht
Freiburg Im Breisgau D-79100,
Publication Number: ISBN 3-86113-143-9
Sale Source: Max-Planck-Institute Fur Auslandisches und Internationales Strafrecht
G├╝nterstalstra├če 73
Freiburg Im Breisgau D-79100,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Survey
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Germany (Unified)
Annotation: This study compared attitudes of criminal justice professionals toward the electronic monitoring of offenders among criminal justice professionals in Lower Saxony/Germany (n=541) and Sweden (n=440), so as to gain insight into a number of key issues associated with the debate on electronic monitoring.
Abstract: The comparison of the findings in the two countries shows similarities and differences in criminal justice professionals' attitudes toward electronic monitoring. Respondents in both countries hold a positive view of electronic monitoring in principle; however, support among the Swedish criminal justice practitioners is stronger than among their German colleagues. The professionals in both countries want to integrate electronic monitoring as a form of enforcement in the sentencing and correctional system. They also agree on the goal of the measure, i.e., reduction in the use of imprisonment and a reduction in the time spent in prison. During and after prison, the majority of respondents in both Germany and Sweden want the use of electronic monitoring; however, in Sweden the use of electronic monitoring is preferred in the context of parole. Respondents in both countries favor electronic monitoring as an alternative to imprisonment for offenders who are elderly, physically handicapped, chronically sick, or pregnant. In both countries, significantly less support exists for its use with substance abusers, violent offenders, repeat offenders, and sex offenders. In a statement based on these findings, the author suggests a change in the criminal proceedings toward a policy that uses electronic monitoring as an alternative to imprisonment and to shorten time in prison. An appropriate use would be to apply the measure in cases of minor probation or parole violations. Suggestions are offered for when to use electronic monitoring to shorten sentences of various lengths. 4 figures, 30 notes, and 52 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Comparative analysis; Correctional personnel attitudes; Corrections effectiveness; Court personnel attitudes; Electronic monitoring of offenders; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign criminal justice personnel; Foreign criminal justice research; Germany; Sweden
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