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NCJ Number: 221008 Find in a Library
Title: Environmental Crime and the Media: News Coverage of Petroleum Refining Industry Violations
Author(s): Melissa L. Jarrell
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 169
Sponsoring Agency: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC
El Paso, TX 79913
Publication Number: ISBN 1-59332-205-4
Sale Source: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC
Box 221258
El Paso, TX 79913
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book provides an overview of environmental crime, and media coverage of petroleum refining industry violations.
Abstract: The findings of the research indicate that petroleum industry violations are widespread; media reporting of petroleum refining industry violations is limited; the seriousness of the offense based on penalty assessments is the greatest factor leading to coverage; and that penalty departures were lower in predominantly African-American communities. Chapter 1 provides an overview of environmentalism in the United States; describes the nature and impact of environmental crime; explores the causes and consequences of environmental crime and injustice in terms of environmental and human impacts; and presents Federal environmental legislation and enforcement efforts, highlighting corporate and political responses to environmental crime and legislation. Chapter 2 presents overviews of environmental crime within criminological literature and of mass communication in the United States; explores the differences between the mainstream mass media and alternative media sources; and discusses the factors influencing media information, highlighting the political and social impact of mainstream mass media exposure. Chapter 3 presents an overview of the literature concerning the mass media and street crime; discusses the limited media attention given to corporate crime; and described media reporting on the environment and environmental crime, highlighting the problems associated with media reporting of environmental risk, harm, and crime. Chapter 4 of the book presents an overview of the petroleum refining industry and its human health hazards; and discusses the industry’s environmental compliance, along with literature related to petroleum refining industry violations. Methodologies and data collection are discussed in detail in chapter 5; limitations of the study are also addressed. Results, Discussions, and Conclusions are the final three chapters where potential solutions are explored. Tables, references and appendices
Main Term(s): Environmental influences; Environmental laws; Environmental mediation; Environmental offenses; Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); Media coverage; Media support
Index Term(s): Corporate crimes; Corporate criminal liability; Corporate self-regulation; Corporate sentencing
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