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NCJ Number: 221032 Find in a Library
Title: Latent Structure of the Criminal Lifestyle: A Taxometric Analysis of the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form and Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:34  Issue:12  Dated:December 2007  Pages:1623-1637
Author(s): Glenn D. Walters
Date Published: December 2007
Page Count: 15
Type: Measurement/Evaluation Device
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The purpose of this study was to assess the latent structure of the criminal lifestyle, as measured by the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form (LCSF) and the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS), with taxometric procedures and determine whether rating and self-report measures attained different taxometric results.
Abstract: The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS)-dimensional relationship was found but the Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form (LCSF)-taxon relationship failed to surface. When the four most valid and factorially meaningful PICTS scales were combined with the four LCSF subscales, there was clear and consistent evidence of dimensional structure in the criminal lifestyle. From the earliest writings on the criminal lifestyle to the most recent update, the assumption has been that the criminal lifestyle is dimensional or categorical. However, this is an assumption that has never been formally tested. Three taxometric procedures, mean above minus below a cut (MAMBAC), maximum eigenvalue (MAXEIG), and latent mode factor analysis (L-Mode), were applied to the LCSF, the PICTS, and a combination of the 2 in a group of 771 male Federal prisoners. It was hypothesized that the rating scale (LCSF) would demonstrate taxonic structure and the self-report measure (PICTS) would demonstrate dimensional structure. Table, figures and references
Main Term(s): Crime patterns
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Criminality prediction; Effectiveness; Evaluation measures; Instrument validation; Testing and measurement
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