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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221037 Find in a Library
Title: Adolescent Victimization and Delinquent Behavior
Author(s): Erika Harrell
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 177
Sponsoring Agency: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC
El Paso, TX 79913
Publication Number: ISBN 1-59332-206-2
Sale Source: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC
Box 221258
El Paso, TX 79913
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study applied Agnew's general strain theory (GST) to the link between adolescent victimization and subsequent delinquent behavior; examined the effects of such victimization on illicit drug use, violent offending, and nonviolent (nondrug) offending; and determined the effectiveness of GST in explaining the relationship between adolescent victimization and delinquency by gender and race.
Abstract: The study shows that the main premise of GST--that increased sources of strain can lead to increased delinquent behavior--is supported by this study. Increased victimization, as a source of strain, was found to predict increased amounts of violent offending, illicit drug use, and nonviolent (nondrug) offending. The study's support of GST, however, is conditional when the analysis takes into account the results of the interaction of variables that condition strain. In terms of violent offending, increased victimization was an important predictor for both racial groups in the panel (Whites and African-Americans); however, victimization was found to increase violent offending slightly more over time for African-Americans than Whites. Regarding illicit drug use, victimization in adolescence had a greater effect on African-Americans than Whites. Victimization increased nonviolent, nondrug offending more in Whites than African-Americans. Regarding gender, victimization was found to be predictive of violent offending for boys but not for girls. Victimization was apparently more important in predicting illicit drug use for boys than for girls. Victimization increased nonviolent, nondrug offending more for girls than for boys. This study examined how these findings differed from previous similar studies and what might explain the differences. Data used in this study came from the National Youth Survey, a current, ongoing longitudinal study that began in 1976. From the original 1,725 respondents, only those who were White or African-American were included in the current study. 8 tables, 112-item bibliography, appended missing data analyses, and a subject index
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Adolescent abuse; Black/African Americans; Caucasian/White Americans; Drug abuse causes; Gender issues; Juvenile victims; Nonviolent behavior; Race-crime relationships; Sexually abused adolescents; Strain theory; Violence causes
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