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NCJ Number: 221085 Find in a Library
Title: Deterrent Effect of Higher Fines on Recidivism: Driving Offences
Author(s): Steve Moffatt; Suzanne Poynton
Date Published: March 2007
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Sydney NSW 2000, Australia
Sale Source: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Level 8, St James Centre
111 Elizabeth Street
Sydney NSW 2000,
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of financial penalties in reducing recidivism rates of offenders convicted of driving offenses in New South Wales (NSW).
Abstract: The results provide little evidence to suggest the presence of marginal deterrent effects from court-imposed fines on driving offenders. The most consistent predictors of returning to court were individual attributes of offenders. As a result, it is suggested that substantial increases in fines and license disqualifications would have limited potential in deterring recidivist offenders. Fines are the most common penalty imposed in NSW for criminal convictions. Despite the frequency with which fines are imposed and the increase in their magnitude, little is known about the effectiveness of financial penalties in reducing recidivism rates of convicted offenders. This study investigated whether fine amount had an impact on reoffending. Specifically, it examined the history and subsequent reoffending of 70,000 persons who received a court imposed fine for a driving offense between 1998 and 2000. The study begins by outlining the major beliefs of deterrence theory before reviewing previous empirical research that has examined the deterrent effect of punishment severity. Tables, references and appendix
Main Term(s): Fines
Index Term(s): Auto related offenses; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Driving without a license; Driving without owners consent; New South Wales; Recidivism; Recidivism prediction; Reckless driving; Traffic offenses
Note: NSW Crime and Justice Bulletin, No. 106, March 2007
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