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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221129 Find in a Library
Title: Family Environment and Adult Attachment as Predictors of Psychopathology and Personality Dysfunction Among Inpatient Abuse Survivors
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:22  Issue:5  Dated:2007  Pages:577-600
Author(s): Shelley A. Riggs Ph.D.; Gayla Sahl Ph.D.; Ellen Greenwald M.A.; Heather Atkison M.A.; Adrienne Paulson M.A.; Colin A. Ross M.D.
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Colin A. Ross Institute For Psychological Trauma
Richardson, TX 75080
Texas Woman's University
Denton, TX 76204
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the role of early family environment and adult attachment style in explaining long-term outcomes among child abuse survivors.
Abstract: Results generally support the view that early family environment and adult attachment style contribute to psychological outcomes among adult trauma survivors. In addition, evidence emerged that bolstered the suggestion that adult attachment style mediated the relationship between some types of early family environments and later psychopathology. The study sheds new light on the role of family environment and adult romantic attachment in personality functioning and psychopathology among child abuse survivors. The study enhances the understanding of family and relationship factors that contribute to different psychopathological outcomes. A large body of evidence consistently indicates that adult survivors of physical, sexual, or psychological abuse in childhood are more likely than adults without a history of abuse to experience a wide range of psychological and personality dysfunction. However, not all abuse survivors suffer negative consequences. This study extends past research to an inpatient population and is the first to explore the combined contributions of early family characteristics and adult attachment style to specific clinical syndromes and personality disturbance. Eighty adult patients, the majority female, in a trauma treatment program were assessed for clinical diagnosis and administered a multiscale questionnaire. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Child abuse
Index Term(s): Abused children; Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Child Sexual Abuse; Home environment; Long term health effects of child abuse; Personality assessment; Psychological evaluation; Psychological victimization effects
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