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NCJ Number: 221147 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of DNA on Policing: Past, Present, and Future
Journal: The Police Chief  Volume:74  Issue:11  Dated:November 2007  Pages:30,33,35
Author(s): Raymond J. Prime; Jonathan Newman
Date Published: November 2007
Page Count: 4
Document: HTML
Publisher: http://www.theiacp.org/ 
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents a historical perspective of DNA and its impact on policing.
Abstract: DNA analysis was introduced into policing in 1986 in England. While an exciting time within the circles of forensic sciences and policing, the reality of the early days of DNA technology was that the technique could be applied only to the most serious cases. However, advancements quickly led to the widespread application of DNA testing in criminal investigations. With the creation of State and national DNA databanks, investigators have another important tool that can provide investigative information. The first national DNA databank was created in England. Techniques for the future are currently under development that will enable the prediction of some physical traits through DNA analysis, providing police with a potential genetic “eyewitness.” In addition, databanks are being used to identify perpetrators through kinship relationships to relatives whose profiles may already be included in a DNA databank. Since the introduction of DNA evidence, it has played a key role in the investigation of numerous crimes; police now rely on DNA analysis to provide intelligence. Through partnerships between police and scientists, DNA analysis will continue to be regarded as the standard of excellence for the development of impartial, unbiased scientific evidence in the support of the justice system. 5 notes
Main Term(s): DNA fingerprinting
Index Term(s): Crime laboratories; Evidence identification; Forensic sciences; Police effectiveness; Policing innovation
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=243004

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