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NCJ Number: 221164 Find in a Library
Title: Theoretical and Research Support for the Duluth Model: A Reply to Dutton and Corvo
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior  Volume:12  Issue:6  Dated:November/December 2007  Pages:644-657
Author(s): Edward W. Gondolf
Date Published: November 2007
Page Count: 14
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article counters Dutton and Corvo's claims regarding the ineffectiveness of the Duluth Model for batter intervention, which is based on cognitive-behavioral counseling, reinforcement by the criminal justice system, and coordination of additional community services.
Abstract: The Dutton and Corvo article entitled "Transforming a Flawed Policy" (2006), which denounces the so-called Duluth Model of batterer intervention for being based on oversimplified assumptions and devoid of research support, attacks their own distorted caricature of the model rather than its actual development and implementation over the years. In fact, there is psychological theory and criminal justice research that support the Duluth Model and its effectiveness. Moreover, developments in the field contradict Dutton and Corvo's claims that the Duluth Model has an "iron-clad" hold that is impeding progress. Since the Duluth Model focuses on treatment for male batterers, Dutton and Corvo reviewed national family violence surveys that apparently indicated that women were as violent as men in their intimate relationships, thus rejecting the Duluth assumptions regarding "male privilege" or male "power and control" as ideological rather than research-based. They fail to mention, however, that responsible researchers continue to question the gender-neutral findings from these surveys because of their lack of context, motive, and consequence of the violence they identify. Dutton and Corvo also criticized the Duluth cognitive-behavioral therapeutic (CBT) counseling approach as not being therapeutic, shaming clients, and showing no effective outcomes. Several research reviews and meta-analyses in the criminal justice field, however, assert that CBT is effective with violent criminals and criminal populations in general. The most recent meta-analysis reinforced the conclusion of others in stating, "The evidence summarized in this article supports the claim that cognitive-behavioral treatment techniques are effective at reducing criminal behaviors among convicted offenders" (Wilson, Bouffard, & Mackenzie, 2005, p. 198). 124 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Abusing spouses; Cognitive therapy; Domestic assault; Domestic violence causes; Gender issues; Male female offender comparisons; Male female victim comparisons; Spouse abuse treatment programs; Treatment effectiveness
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