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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221280 Find in a Library
Title: Treating Repeat Parole Violators: A Review of Pennsylvania's Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) Program
Author(s): Rachel Porter
Corporate Author: Vera Institute of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: October 2002
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Pennsylvania Cmssn on Crime and Delinquency
Harrisburg, PA 17108-1167
Vera Institute of Justice
New York, NY 10279
Grant Number: 1999-DS-19-9946
Sale Source: Vera Institute of Justice
233 Broadway, 12th Floor
New York, NY 10279
United States of America

Pennsylvania Cmssn on Crime and Delinquency
P. O. Box 1167
Harrisburg, PA 17108-1167
United States of America
Document: PDF
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the planning, implementation, and outcome of Pennsylvania's coordinated use of Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) funding from the outset of the initiative.
Abstract: The findings suggest that although the results of Pennsylvania’s Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) program compared favorably with those achieved in other drug treatment programs, only 32 percent of the sample completed the program successfully or remained active. RSAT was successful in reducing the upfront time that the offenders would have spent in prison; up front time includes days spent in prison after the violation but before the assignment to RSAT and days spent during RSAT’s first phase. The program successfully identified a target group of serious offenders, program managers worked out a balance between security and treatment concerns, and offenders spent less time in prison before and during their participation than they otherwise would have. Few RSAT participants were returned to prison for new crimes. As participants gained freedom, moving to community corrections centers in phase II and to parole supervision in phase III, they were more likely to fail. Of the prisoners who entered RSAT during the study period, 89 percent completed the in-prison treatment of phase I, 63 percent of those who entered phase II completed it successfully and another 15 percent were still active in this phase, and 56 percent of those who entered phase III either completed it successfully or were still active. The State should consider implementing a policy of gradual sanctions for technical violations. An appropriated graduated sanctions regimen could allow parole officers to track parolees under their supervision and advance the program’s goal of reducing time spent in prison and its associated costs. People with long histories of criminal activity and drug problems often must overcome additional problems such as mental illness, unemployment, homelessness, and adjusting to life outside of prison. Combined with addiction, the challenges facing this population are not easy to surmount. 6 tables, 1 appendix
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs; Inmate drug treatment; Pennsylvania
Index Term(s): Model programs; Parole board; Parole supervision; Parole violations; Parolees; Treatment intervention model
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