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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221281 Find in a Library
Title: Young Adult Offender (YAO) Program at SCI-Pine Grove: An Evaluation of the Link Between Therapeutic Community Participation and Social Cognitive Change Among Offenders
Author(s): Ariana Shahinfar Ph.D.
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Pennsylvania Cmssn on Crime and Delinquency
Harrisburg, PA 17108-1167
Sale Source: Pennsylvania Cmssn on Crime and Delinquency
P. O. Box 1167
Harrisburg, PA 17108-1167
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Report findings are presented from an evaluative study tracking changes in the social cognitive patterns of participants in Pennsylvania’s Young Adult Offender Program at the SCI-Pine Grove facility.
Abstract: This study supported three underlying goals. The first goal was to confirm the suitability of currently available social cognitive and community thinking measures for the Young Adult Offender (YAO) Program population. Careful review of the data indicated that the available measures were appropriate for use with YAOs. The second goal was to determine whether change in social cognitions co-varied with advancement through the institution’s system of promotion. Data analyses failed to support the notion of a linear relationship between phase achievement and social cognitive skill development. These findings suggest that variability in baseline cognitive skills and individual change over time may be more important to assess than change associated with phase advancement. The third goal was to track individual change in inmate cognitions and community thinking over time. The most significant finding was that time since commitment appeared to play a role in cognitive skill development and positive community thinking. In addition, increases were found in perspective taking and affiliative social goals during the interval between initial and followup interviews. The findings offer support for the idea that the YAO program is demonstrating positive impact in changing inmate social cognitions, community thinking, and personal growth. Understanding the importance of the therapeutic community in working with juvenile and young adult offenders within corrections programs over the past several decades, the main purpose of this project was to assess the extent to which participation in Pennsylvania’s YAO program was linked to change in the cognitions underlying aggressive behavior among a group of 156 incarcerated young adult offenders housed at the SCI-Pine Grove facility. Figures, references
Main Term(s): Treatment effectiveness
Index Term(s): Attitudes toward authority; Inmate treatment; Juvenile program evaluation; Pennsylvania; Program evaluation; Treatment techniques; Treatment/Therapeutic Community; Young adult offenders; Young Adults (18-24)
Note: Downloaded on January 22, 2008.
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