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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221311 Find in a Library
Title: Prospective Crime Mapping in Operational Context, Final Report
Author(s): Shane D. Johnson; Daniel J. Birks; Lindsay McLaughlin; Kate J. Bowers; Ken Pease
Corporate Author: Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science
United Kingdom
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 111
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
London, SW1H 9AT, England
Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science
London WC1E 7HN, England
Publication Number: ISBN: 978-1-84726-532-6
Sale Source: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
Information and Publications Group
Room 201
50 Queen Anne's Gate
London, SW1H 9AT,
United Kingdom
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This British project developed a method of prospective mapping for burglary in the East Midlands and tested it for operational effectiveness and implications.
Abstract: The tested method of prospective mapping for burglary, called "Promap," correctly predicted more burglaries than other methods. It identified the locations of 78 percent of burglaries that occurred within the next 7 days of a forecast; for the same period, the retrospective model identified only 51 percent. Compared with the retrospective maps, Promap identified "hotspots" of burglary that facilitated the targeted assignment of patrol resources. The study concludes that the use of Promap could facilitate more targeted crime-reduction interventions by increasing the targeted deployment of police resources in a timely manner. Areas of high crime risk can be better defined for patrolling. The maps can also be produced for specific shifts, so as to ensure their relevance for the times covered by each shift. Promap software was developed for use in one police basic command unit in the East Midlands in consultation with local police and community safety practitioners. Using the software, maps were easily produced at regular intervals by crime analysts for discussion during shift briefings and distribution to beat officers. A variety of measures were used to identify and document the processes through which the pilot project was implemented. These included semistructured interviews, a survey of frontline police officers, the completion of a tactical options log by the command team, and direct observation by the research team. 74 references, 37 tables, 29 figures, and appended details on evaluation methodology and Promap technology
Main Term(s): Police resource allocation
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; Crime Mapping; Foreign police; Patrol; Police effectiveness; Police management; Police planning
Note: Home Office Online Report 19/07; downloaded January 23, 2008.
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