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NCJ Number: 221357 Find in a Library
Title: Discriminability of Fingerprints of Twins
Journal: Journal of Forensic Identification  Volume:58  Issue:1  Dated:January/February 2008  Pages:109-127
Author(s): Sargur N. Srihari; Harish Srinivasan; Gang Fang
Date Published: January 2008
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2005-DD-BX-K012
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents the results of the discriminability of fingerprints of twins.
Abstract: Livescans and younger ages of the twin subjects insured good-quality prints, thereby allowing the focus to be on the inherent individuality of fingerprints and one that was not affected by image quality issues. Two studies were conducted of the discriminability of the fingerprints of twins using fingerprint features at levels 1 and 2. The level 1 results, obtained by human visual comparison, show that twins’ fingers have a higher probability of having the same classification (42 percent) than in the case of non-twins (25 percent). Level 2 features were studied using a minutiae-based matching algorithm that provides a similarity score. Implications of the study include (1) that there is more similarity between twin fingers than in the case of two arbitrary fingers, (2) that there is no significant difference between the fingerprints of identical and fraternal twins, and (3) that twins can be successfully discriminated using fingerprints. In summary, the argument for the individuality of fingerprints is strengthened. Figures, tables and references
Main Term(s): Fingerprints
Index Term(s): Evidence identification; Fingerprint detection techniques; Fingerprint image quality; Forensic sciences; NIJ grant-related documents; Suspect identification; Twins as research subjects; Victim identification
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