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NCJ Number: 221378 Find in a Library
Title: Interactivity and Equifinality of Risk for Adolescent Smoking
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:2007  Pages:51-64
Author(s): Adrian B. Kelly; Courtney J. Jackson-Carroll
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Research Council
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Grant Number: DP0342587
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This Australian study tested whether a three-way interaction of impulsivity/sensation-seeking, peer tobacco use, and alcohol use predicted adolescent tobacco use over and above simpler interactions, the degree to which a three-way interaction of risk variables relegated two-way interactions and main effects to insignificance, and the degree to which smoking can be predicted from multiple risk factor interactions rather than combinations of specific risk factors ("equifinality").
Abstract: The study findings showed that the univariate model of impulsivity/sensation-seeking, friend's use of tobacco, and self-reported alcohol use was significant, but when interaction terms were added to the model, univariate predictors became insignificant, and the interaction model accounted for more variance in smoking than the univariate model. Further, when three risk variables were present, adolescents were about 40 times more likely to be current smokers than when these elevations were not present. One implication of these findings is that prevention programs made need to be changed to target complex risk situations. A second implication is that the current tobacco-focused preventions that focus on simple skills training (typically refusal skills) may be inadequate for complex and widely reported high-risk situations. The findings may also have implications for research/intervention for other adolescent health-risk behaviors. The study sample consisted of 210 (56.67 percent female) students recruited from 1 public high school in a low-middle socioeconomic area of Brisbane, Australia. The youth ranged in age from 14 to 16. They were surveyed during the final term of the 2004 school year. Impulsivity and sensation-seeking were measured with the Impulsive Sensation-seeking subscale of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire. Alcohol and tobacco use were assessed with quantity/frequency items within an Activities Checklist that assessed a range of health-related behaviors. 2 tables and 29 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Australia; Drug abuse causes; Drug abuse in foreign countries; Foreign criminal justice research; Juvenile personality characteristics; Peer influences on behavior; Tobacco use; Underage Drinking
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