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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221398 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Evidence
Author(s): Marjie T. Britz
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 381
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice Hall (Pearson Education)
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Publication Number: ISBN-13: 978-0-205-43971-3
Sale Source: Prentice Hall (Pearson Education)
One Lake Street
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This textbook provides a comprehensive legal framework for the rules of evidence, highlights key law enforcement issues regarding collecting evidence in the field, and uses "headline cases" to illustrate major points.
Abstract: Chapter 1 presents an overview of the history of the legal process, with attention to the amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Chapter 2 discusses the American court system and its foundational legal concepts; and chapter 3 explains the various types of evidence, including the differences between presumptions, inferences, and judicial notice (admission into evidence, without formal proof, of facts that are a matter of common and general knowledge). Chapter 4 introduces the concept of probable cause, which is essential to understanding the exclusionary rule. Chapter 5 then discusses the exclusionary rule, which is the court's means of preventing the admission of evidence obtained illegally. The complexities of the application of this rule are discussed. Chapter 6 considers warrantless searches, and chapter 7 addresses confessions and other fifth amendment issues. Chapter 8 explains the qualification and competency of witnesses, as well as criteria for witness impeachment. Chapter 9 reviews the Daubert test for the admission of scientific evidence, and chapter 10 evaluates the hearsay rule and its exceptions. Privileged communications are considered in chapter 11; these include the well-known privileges (attorney-client, doctor-patient, and spousal privileges) and also the lesser known governmental, clergy-communicant, and accountant-client privileges. Chapter 12 addresses much of the scientific evidence often presented in court, such as gunpowder residue, fingerprint identification, and DNA evidence. Chapter 13 introduces students to cyber (computer-related) evidence. Each chapter is introduced with a list of topics covered, an outline of learning objectives, and a list of key terms. Each chapter concludes with discussion questions and recommended resources. A subject index and 127 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Circumstantial evidence; Computer evidence; Confessions; Demonstrative evidence; Evidence; Evidence collection; Exceptions to exclusionary rule; Exclusionary rule; Expert witnesses; Hearsay evidence; Real evidence; Rules of evidence; Search warrants; Warrantless search
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